Boxing History: March 14, 1927 Mushy Callahan KO 2 Andy DiVodi, NYC. Retains World Super Lightweight Title.Mushy Callahan was the ring name of Vincent Morris Scheer. Callahan was born on November 3, 1905, in New York City. He took the ring name of Mushy Callahan and began boxing in 1924.Callahan defended his title twice in 1927 and fought a variety of non-title fights from 1927 to 1929.Callahan never fought for another title and retired in 1932. After boxing, Callahan worked as a boxing referee and in the entertainment industry, in which he coached actors for boxing scenes. Mushy Callahan acted in, and served as a boxing technical assistant on, a number of boxing movies. He trained Elvis Presley for his role in Kid Galahad, and portrayed the referee in the movie’s final climatic bout.
Professional boxing, or prizefighting, emerged in the early twentieth century as boxing gradually attained legitimacy and became a regulated, sanctioned sport. Professional boxing bouts are fought for a purse which is divided between the boxers as determined by contract. Most professional boxing bouts are supervised by a regulatory authority to guarantee the fighters’ safety. Most high-profile bouts obtain the endorsement of a sanctioning body, which awards championship belts, establishes rules, and assigns its own judges and referee. Professional boxing bouts are typically much longer than amateur bouts, and can last up to twelve rounds, though less significant fights can be as short as four rounds. Protective headgear is not permitted, and boxers are generally allowed to take substantial punishment before a fight is halted. Pro boxing has enjoyed a much higher profile than amateur boxing throughout the twentieth century and beyond.